Saturday, February 24, 2018

Canyon Endurace: Actual Weight of Frame, Fork, Handlebar

Even before I got the Canyon Endurace CF SLX Disc 8.0 Di2 bike, the final plan was to upgrade it to the latest Dura-Ace R9170 groupset, which has hydraulic disc brakes and Di2 electronic shifting. However, at that point in time (July 2017), the latest R9170 groupset was not available yet, while there was a 20% discount on this Canyon bike which was very enticing. Therefore, I decided to get the full bike that was equipped with Ultegra Di2 and hydraulic disc brakes first, before upgrading later.

Now that my Dura-Ace R9170 groupset has arrived, I can begin upgrading the bike! Since I will need to disassemble 90% of the components from the bike for the upgrade, I might as well disassemble it 100% to check out the actual frame weight. This is a good chance to compare and see how it differs from the claimed weight on the Canyon website.

This is the top level Endurace CF SLX Disc frameset, which is designed for Di2 shifting. The mechanical shifting version of the frame is slightly different to account for the cable routing required. Without further delay, let's take a closer look at all the frameset components!

Beautiful Canyon Endurace CF SLX Disc frame, in an eye-catching Kerosene Red colour.

It comes in at a lightweight 807 grams for a size XS frame. Includes weight of seatpost clamp and rear dropout hanger. Claimed weight is 820 grams for Size M.

Mounting point for the rear Flat Mount disc brake caliper is located on the left side chainstay.

Bearing cups for the headset (both top and bottom) are molded into the frame to save weight

Internal view of the downtube, viewed from the bottom bracket shell opening.

The inside of the left and right chainstays, as viewed from the opening under the bottom bracket shell.

Weight of headset bearings (top + bottom + plastic compression ring) is just 37 grams.

Front fork with carbon steerer tube

Even the crown race for the lower headset bearing is molded as part of the steerer tube

Actual weight of the front fork is 361 grams, quite a bit heavier than the claimed weight of 325 grams.

Integrated carbon handlebar and stem, comes with this Canyon bike.

No holes on the handlebar for internal routing, but there are cable channels on the underside of the handlebar.

Total weight of 90/400mm handlebar +  stem and the clamp (which presses on the steerer tube) is 327 grams. Claimed weight is 335 grams for the 100/420mm version.

Headset top cap and special shaped spacers weigh about 49 grams. 

With these numbers, the frameset (frame + fork) weighs 1168 grams, which is a really nice weight for a road bike frame. There are of course lighter framesets such as the Trek Emonda, but the cost of one of those framesets can almost buy my whole bike.

As for the one piece carbon handlebar (327 grams), it is not actually lighter than a separate handlebar and stem combination. For example, if I use a FSA K-Force Compact Road Handlebar (204 grams), with the Controltech Alloy Road Stem (80mm, 112 grams), the total weight is 316 grams which is actually lighter and cheaper than the one piece handlebar.

Anyway, the objective is not to build a super lightweight road bike. If this was the objective, the starting point would be very different. With this endurance frame, the idea is to build a road bike with hydraulic disc brakes and Di2 shifting, while ensuring that it is comfortable to ride without being too harsh. Of course, if it can also be fast and lightweight at the same time, that will be the best.

Saturday, February 17, 2018

Canyon Endurace: Dura-Ace Di2 R9150 Front and Rear Derailleur

I first started using the Shimano Di2 electronic shifting system on the Dahon Boardwalk, with the Ultegra Di2 6770 groupset. From there, I have installed quite a few more Di2 systems on my bikes.

Dahon Boardwalk Ultegra Di2 6770
Dahon Boardwalk Ultegra Di2 6870
Dahon MuEX Ultegra/XTR Di2
Wheelsport Fantasy Mini Velo Ultegra Di2 6870
Merida Scultura 5000 Ultegra Di2 6870
Avanti Inc 3 Alfine 11 Di2

Once you have tried electronic shifting, it is hard to go back to mechanical shifting, as the shifting force is so light, and the buttons are easy to activate with just one finger.

The Canyon Endurace comes with the Ultegra Di2 6870 groupset, which is a great Di2 groupset. However, my intention all along was to upgrade the components to the latest Dura-Ace R9170 when they became available. Let's take a closer look at the Di2 rear derailleur and front derailleur to see how different it is from the previous generation.

For the rear derailleur, the main difference is the new construction design. From the double servo construction of previous road rear derailleurs, the latest R9150 Di2 rear derailleur is now using the Shadow construction of MTB rear derailleurs. This lowers the profile of the rear derailleur, reducing the amount which the derailleur sticks out from the side of the bike. You can see the design of the previous generations here.

Shadow construction used for the new Dura-Ace Di2 R9150 rear derailleur. Servo motor is located at the rear and looks really small.

Weighs only 197 grams, including the motor! Lightweight materials are used throughout the whole component.

Extra link to shift the pivot of the derailleur rearwards, allowing for a Shadow construction.

E-tube port for connecting the Di2 wire is hidden behind, for a minimal profile.

B-tension screw and the two limit screws are located just beside the motor, and are adjusted using Allen keys and not screwdrivers.

Very industrial design with the cover of the motor following the shape of the internal parts of the motor and gearbox.

Tall toothed guide pulley to improve shifting speed and accuracy

Short toothed tension pulley to minimize running noise when cross-chained.

Carbon inner and outer plates minimize the weight but increases the cost considerably.

Bottom side of the derailleur. Rivets are capped with a black sticker for a nicer appearance.

Upper side of the derailleur. The saver unit has been moved from the bottom (previous generation) to the top, probably due to the change to Shadow design. This is the position during normal operation.

If the derailleur receives an impact from the side, the saver unit will give way and disengage from the motor, as shown here. This prevents damage to the motor unit.

With the change of construction, this rear derailleur looks and operates quite differently from the previous generation of Di2 rear derailleur. More findings will be shared after installation to the bike.

As for the front derailleur, it remains largely unchanged from the previous generation, at least in terms of external appearance.

Dura-Ace Di2 R9150 front derailleur. The little black plastic piece shown at the side is the cap for covering the Di2 wire.

The Di2 wire connection is now facing the rear of the bike.

To use the cap, first insert the Di2 wire into the cap, and use it to insert and remove the Di2 wire from the front derailleur. This cap also protects the port from water and dirt.

Front derailleur weighs 102 grams, not much heavier than a mechanical front derailleur.

The main appearance surface of the front derailleur

Inside surface of the front derailleur

Rear end of the front derailleur, where the rivets can be seen

Front end where the black clamp bolt can be seen

The grey inner link seems to be made of titanium, as it is not attracted to a magnet and does not look like aluminium.

The biggest surprise for me is how lightweight the Dura-Ace Di2 front and rear derailleurs are. With a combined weight of only 300 grams, they are super lightweight, and it includes the motor!

Sunday, February 11, 2018

Canyon Endurace: Dura-Ace R9100 Cassette and Crankset

After introducing the new Dura-Ace road hydraulic components, it is time to round off the groupset with the rest of the parts. Although the new Dura-Ace comes in four different "flavours" for shifting and braking (Mech/Mech, Mech/Hydraulic, Di2/Mech, Di2/Hydraulic), the crankset, cassette and chain are the same for all of these different setups.

For the chain, there is nothing new about the new Dura-Ace chain, the CN-HG901. It is actually a Dura-Ace/XTR grade chain that is also compatible with the 11 speed MTB drivetrains from Shimano.

Let us now look at the Dura-Ace 11 speed cassette CS-R9100, followed by the new Dura-Ace crankset FC-R9100.

For this new R9100 generation of Dura-Ace, there is an additional cassette combination that is available, which is the 11-30T cassette. This cassette has just a little bit more low end gearing, as compared to the most commonly used 11-28T cassette.

This is the cassette that I chose to get, in order to get a good low gear that will help me in climbing up steeper slopes. As Dura-Ace does not officially support a 32T low sprocket (found on the Ultegra 11-32T cassette), 30T is the lowest sprocket that can be used.

Dura-Ace 11 speed cassette CS-R9100, available in these combinations. Mine is 11-30T.

Unboxing the cassette! Held in the box with a layer of cling wrap.

Shiny new Dura-Ace cassette! It makes me happy to see a clean cassette.

11-30T laser marked onto the cassette spider.

For this cassette, the last two gears (27T and 30T) are riveted together onto the aluminium spider.

The next three gears (19T, 21T, 24T) are riveted together onto the carbon fibre spider, similar to the previous Dura-Ace CS-9000 cassette.

Carbon fibre spider is used for gears 3 to 5 to save weight.

The special rivet layout that seems to provide greater strength and support for adjacent gear sprockets.

Aluminium spider with the titanium 27T and 30T sprockets weigh 64 grams.

Carbon fibre spider with the titanium 19T, 21T and 24T sprockets weigh 59 grams.

Lightweight aluminium lockring only weighs 5 grams

The three lightweight aluminium spacers weigh 5 grams in total

Whole 11-30T cassette weight is 206 grams, which is on the slightly heavier side due to the larger sprockets which of course weigh more. The 11-25T CS-9000 weighs only 176 grams.

As far as I can tell, there is no major change in the sprocket design as compared to the previous generation of CS-9000, just an additional 11-30T specification.

Next, let's look at the new Dura-Ace R9100 crankset. For this crankset, I decided to get a length that is shorter than the commonly used 170mm crank arm length.

In the industry or market, the most common crankarm length is definitely 170mm. This is a standard length that will fit the greatest number of people. Larger sized frames will come with longer crank arms, such as 172.5mm or 175mm.

However, according to my personal experience and also some research that I have done, it seems that a shorter crankarm length may be more suitable for me. I first tried a shorter 165mm crankarm length on the Merida Scultura road bike, followed by on the Avanti Inc 3.

I liked the 165mm crankarm length as it allows me to raise the saddle higher by 5mm, and also allows the hip angle to be larger when using the drops. All these changes improves the pedaling efficiency, with no downside. Based on my experience, 165mm is good. What about the research supporting this?

Referring to the research from the link above, with my inseam and height, different bike fitting methods all point to a crankarm length of 165mm that is ideal. There is potentially some gains to be found from a more comfortable and efficient pedaling position, and basically no disadvantage for me to use a 165mm crankarm as compared to 170mm.

Research and personal experience both points to 165mm being more suitable for me, which is why I decided to get a 165mm crankarm which surprised quite a few people.

Dura-Ace 11 speed compact crankset (50/34T) in 165mm length

Smart looking crankset, with the new black colour that will match almost any bike.

Interesting colour gradient, with black in the middle slowly fading out to grey towards the outside of the chainring.

Super chunky right crankarm, literally joining up with one of the four arms on the crank

Colour gradient on the Hollowglide chainring

Hollow area behind the crankarm is concealed, much like the Dura-Ace 9000 but different from Ultegra 6800.

Left crankarm does not look so different, although the black colour is nice and shiny with a good looking appearance.

Very shiny surface treatment on the crankarm

No more sharp edge at the rear of the crankarm where the front and back portions are bonded together.

The bond line is visible here, as indicated by the silver line.

Right side of the crankset weighs 434 grams

Left side crankarm plus crank arm fixing bolt weighs 175 grams

In total, this 50/34T crankset with 165mm length weighs just 610 grams (rounding off error). This is the lightest specification with the smallest chainrings and shortest crankarms.

With this new cassette and crankset, the gear range will be slightly affected. As shown in the table below, the top end gear range is reduced slightly, with the low end gear range maintained. Out of these 2x11 speed gears, there are 14 unique gear combinations as shown by the blue highlighted boxes.

One thing to note is that the new Dura-Ace Di2 locks out cross-chain combinations electronically, making it impossible to shift into those extreme cross-chain combinations (Eg. front low, rear top). I will learn more about this when I install the whole system onto the bike.

Gearing comparison of the previous vs new drivetrain

Wait a minute, why are there two Dura-Ace left side crankarms?

Guess what, I bought a left side power meter from 4iiii! 165mm length on Dura-Ace R9100 left crankarm to match the crankset.

This new Dura-Ace crankset is very similar in weight as the previous generation, while improving the stiffness with the chunky right crankarm construction.

With the left side power meter from 4iiii, I will be able to get one sided power data on this bike, which is useful to gauge how much effort I am putting in versus the speed. Useful to have for more objective comparison or testing, or even training (although that is not my purpose).

Now, what do I do with the extra left side Dura-Ace crankarm...